October 30, 2013
If you own a Limited Liability Company (LLC) that you are not actively managing, but you claim tax deductions, this blog post will be of interest to you. Close to 30 years ago, the IRS passive activity loss (PAL) rules (I.R.C. Section 469) were enacted to limit the degree to which money-losing LLCs could be used as tax shelters by their owners claiming losses—such as depreciation, interest, and other deductions. These rules created the passive income or loss category and they apply to all business activities, including real estate rental activity.
There are two types of passive income or losses including income earned from:
Essentially, the PAL rules are intended to prevent individuals from deducting passive losses (such as from rental activities) from their non-passive income. However, if you own or co-own an LLC on a part-time basis or have someone else manage it on your behalf, as long as you are active in the business you can claim any related losses against your non-passive income, if you meet the IRS definition of "material participation." The IRS defines “material participation” as being “involved in the operations of the activity on a basis which is regular, continuous, and substantial.” There are several tests that the IRS uses to define material participation in a business, based on your activity and the amount of time you spend working. Read about it in detail here.
Another point to keep in mind—the PAL rules state that passive losses from a business activity can only be used to offset passive income from other passive activities. Passive losses in excess of your passive income for the year are capped, but they can be carried forward and deducted in future years when and if you have passive income or if you sell or dispose of the activity that generated the suspended losses. For additional information about PAL tax regulations, please visit IRS.gov.
Like a professional quarterback’s salary, throwing a Super Bowl party can be expensive. So how can you be sure—affordably—that your party is the one everybody will be talking about at work the next day? With these tips for some fun party perks that everyone will remember long after the play clock winds down.
Is your idea of a morning routine hitting the snooze button three times and then dragging yourself out of bed in just enough time to slide into work as the clock strikes 9:00 a.m.? You may get some extra sleep, but let’s be honest: A frantic race to work, whether at home or in the office, is probably not the best way to start off a productive day.
The IRS recently announced that the amount individuals can contribute to their 401(k) plans will increase in 2022. The tax agency has also announced other cost‑of‑living adjustments affecting dollar limitations for pension plans and retirement-related items for tax year 2022. Let’s look at some highlights.